2022 spring turkey hunting forecast
ODFW biologists share the latest updates for turkey hunting in their local district, as well as tips and tactics for bagging a bird.
In this Article
Turkey hunting opportunities have expanded significantly in the last 20 years. Hunters can now find good turkey hunting beyond just southwest Oregon and into the northwest and northeast parts of the state as well.
Last year’s estimated spring harvest of 6,277 turkeys was the second highest on record, down 5 percent from the 2020 harvest of 6,589 birds. Turkey production and survival were not limiting factors in 2020. Habitats across much of Oregon are experiencing drought conditions, but this is not expected to be immediately limiting for wild turkey populations. Hunters can expect robust wild turkey flocks for spring 2022.
Hunting access in 2022
Many burned areas are still closed to access due to public safety concerns and tree removal operations.
Be sure to contact the agency that manages the land you to hunt on, and confirm access before you head out to hunt.
manages Oregon state forests.
manages state wildlife areas.
lands have remained open to hunting. lands have remained open to hunting and many campgrounds have reopened.
Where are the turkeys?
Southwest Oregon leads the way
Southwest Oregon continues to be the leading place to find turkeys. The Rogue, Melrose, and Applegate units have the highest turkey harvest in the state, however hunters had to work harder to be successful in the Rogue. Hunter use on the Rogue Unit is second only to the White River Unit. The lack of public land in the Melrose Unit can make hunting difficult (just 16 percent of Melrose is public land and some private land is tied up by leases).
Those who want to hunt southwest Oregon may have an easier time accessing land in the Rogue Unit, which is 57 percent public lands, or other leading units like Applegate or Evans Creek. While a lot of turkey harvest in the Rogue is on private land, there is good turkey habitat in the and some US Forest Service land. See the Jackson County report below for more information.
ODFW is working to increase accessible turkey hunting throughout Oregon. This winter, biologists relocated approximately 800 nuisance turkeys from private land to public lands or publicly accessible areas.
ODFW is expanding a pilot project to connect turkey hunters with private landowners experiencing turkey damage on their property, primarily in the Willamette Valley and Roseburg area. Reservation dates will be released weekly on a rolling basis throughout the season. Learn more .
Don’t forget about eastern Oregon
Forty-four percent of the turkeys harvested during the spring 2019 season were harvested east of the crest of the Cascade Mountains. The White River Unit continues to lead in hunting pressure (6,432 hunter-days), and ranked third in overall harvest level (439 birds). Biologists advise scouting in advance, hunting on a weekday or waiting until later in the season for the best experience in White River Unit.
After White River, Heppner, Northside, Murderers Creek, Sled Springs and Mt. Emily were the highest performing units in terms of total harvest, and individual hunter success rates are generally better in the northeast part of the state.
Many northeast Oregon birds are found on public lands, particularly national forests. In most years, birds can take advantage of open southern exposures at higher elevations before the hunters can get to them.
Finally, if you have access to private land, hunting can be excellent in northwest Oregon. Last year, the Willamette Unit ranked fifth in total harvest and the McKenzie ranked seventh.
It is important for hunters to check road conditions and access before heading out, especially early in the season. Snow may limit access to some areas.
2021 turkey harvest by unit
Harvest and effort data can help you identify promising places to hunt. This article on MyODFW.com includes maps showing harvest, hunter days, birds per hunter and percent of birds harvested on public land.
Tags and regulations
The statewide spring turkey season is from April 15 to May 31.
Spring turkey hunting is general season, and anyone can purchase a tag any time before going hunting. Turkey tags are $25.50 for residents and $10.50 for youth hunters (age 17 and under). Hunting licenses are $33.50 for residents.
The daily bag limit is one male turkey or a turkey with a visible beard (so hens with beards may be lawfully taken). The season limit is three legal turkeys; hunters must purchase a tag for each turkey. See page 19 of the for more information.
Report your hunt
All hunters who purchase a 2021 spring turkey tag are required to report their hunt results or with an no later than Jan. 31, 2022. Reporting is required even for those who did not hunt or were unsuccessful. ODFW uses this information to determine harvest and effort, and set future hunting regulations.
Hunting tips, equipment
The sight and sound of a turkey’s mating display is enough to quicken the pulse of even the most experienced hunter—and makes calling in a spring tom as exciting as calling in a bull elk.
While turkeys are notoriously difficult to sneak up on due to their excellent eyesight, the urge to mate makes wary toms (males) a little less cautious when they hear the call of a hen in the spring.
In general, turkeys will be moving higher in elevation in the spring, following the snow line. They do not favor areas with a lot of underbrush for mating displays, so look for openings in the forest (meadows, old woodland/grasslands, old roads, power line clearings, etc.). Don’t forget to visit recent burns or clear-cuts when doing your pre-season scouting. Note that many areas that burned in 2020 are still closed to access.
Wild turkeys will vocalize most in the morning and evening, so go early and stay late to figure out where the birds are spending their time.
Toms can become harder to hunt and less vocal later in the hunting season as the mating season falls off. A realistic jake or hen decoy which will draw the bird’s attention away from you and put him right where you want him.
Recommended basic equipment
- A shotgun no larger than 10 gauge.
- Shotgun shells with size 4, 5 or 6 shot.
- Camouflage clothing (because turkeys have excellent eyesight).
- A turkey call or two.
- Or, substitute a bow and arrows for the shotgun and shells.
- Hen or jake decoy (optional)
* The new .410 and 28 ga tungsten loads are more deadly than a lead 20 ga load. If you are small-framed or a youth, consider a smaller gauge with TSS loads.
Safety: Never wear red, white, blue or black when turkey hunting. You could be mistaken for a turkey. Use caution when calling turkeys where other hunters may be present—and realize that the calling you hear may be other hunters.
More tips and tactics
this Facebook livestream that walks you through conditioning and practicing your turkey calls at home.
for some pointers for turkey hunting in Oregon.
is a comprehensive turkey hunting course that covers everything you’ll need to know to hunt wild turkey, including seasons and regulations, weapons and gear, finding and calling birds, and butchering your harvest.
Finally, visit the where they’ve collected their best tips and tactics.
Reports from local areas follow.
NORTH AND MID-COAST
Stott Mt. and Alsea units
Turkeys are only found on the east side of the coast range in these units. The best place to find turkeys is on the private agricultural lands with rolling oak woodlands adjacent to the larger private timber holdings. However, less dense populations of turkeys can be found on timber company grounds. The east side of the Stott Mtn – N Alsea TMA is one easily accessible area to scout for turkeys.
Additionally, some of the smaller timber companies in these units will allow access with a free permit and can hold decent numbers of turkeys. Potentially accessible lands outside the towns of Monroe, Alsea, Philomath, Blodgett, throughout Kings Valley, Falls City, and Dallas are good places to scout. Remember to get permission to hunt on private land.
Trask and Willamette units
Finding a place to hunt turkeys continues to be challenging in northwest Oregon. Turkeys are primarily found on private lands and are not readily available to the public. Those hunters without local contacts should be out talking to landowners to acquire access to the few and widely scattered flocks. Some hunters knock on landowners’ doors where they see turkeys and ask permission to hunt. Reports of turkey activity in the eastern foothills of the coast range highlight limited opportunity on predominantly private lands.
To find public land opportunities, consult Bureau of Land Management (BLM) or U.S. Forest Service maps and look for pockets of public land off the main roads, but adjacent to agricultural land and mixed hardwood forests -- turkeys key in on both acorns, and grubs and other insects in meadows. Other opportunities may exist on publicly accessible private timber lands at lower elevations near agriculture in the SE Trask unit. Be sure to check with each landowner, generally through their website, to ensure public access is allowed before entering private property to hunt.
Turkey populations are extremely low and not widely distributed. Hunters will need to have scouted early to find turkey flocks and obtained permission to hunt on private property to be successful.
Santiam, N. Indigo, and McKenzie Units
Hunting success is dependent upon securing access to private lands with turkeys, and on early scouting. Hunters who are having issues gaining access to private lands are advised to participate in ODFW Hunt by Reservation Program. Turkeys are most often found on private lands in the foothills along the west side of these units. It is uncommon to find turkeys in the Douglas-fir forests at higher elevations.
For hunters that have done their homework and obtained access to private lands, hunting can be very good in the McKenzie, N. Indigo, and southern portions of the Santiam units. There have been recent reports of turkeys on private lands around the outskirts of Silverton and Oregon City, so limited private land opportunities do exist, but turkeys are not abundant in the northern portions (north of Silverton) of the Santiam Unit and hunters will have difficulty finding the few scattered flocks.
Surveys of upland bird broods in the summer of 2021 indicated survival of poults was high going into fall. When combined with winter conditions in 2021-22 that were conducive to high survival for turkeys, populations are clearly on the increase in Coos County. Turkeys are now in and around every municipality and residential area in the county. The vast majority of flocks spend most of their time on private land because habitat types on most public lands are not productive for these birds.
Gaining permission to hunt on private land is clearly the most effective way to hunt turkeys in Coos County. However, looking for pockets of public land that are in close proximity to private land birds can be a productive tactic for hunting these birds too. In Coos County much of the BLM lands are scattered small tracts of land surrounded by private lands.
Turkey abundance is highest in the vicinity of Coquille, Myrtle Point, Powers, and Fairview but there are a few turkeys in other parts of the county, as well. Scouting for turkeys before the hunt is key to finding them especially if hunting public land or private timberlands.
The turkey population has been low for several years. Reproduction along the coast is often slower than inland areas; survival is harder with the rains that occur here. Hunters will need to have scouted early to find turkey flocks and obtained permission to hunt on private property. Look in areas where oaks and grassy prairies and taller timber for roost sights are found.
We experienced mild weather this winter and early spring, which should bode well for turkey survival coming into the 2021 spring season. With warm temperatures in March lots of early breeding behavior was observed. If the current weather trend continues, hunters should encounter plenty of active toms.
Douglas County has a strong turkey population due to an abundance of oak-savannah and oak woodland habitat in the low-mid elevation Umpqua Valley. ODFW has also supplemented prime habitat within the Umpqua National Forest with turkeys over the last several years. There is public hunting opportunity on the Umpqua National Forest, especially in the South Umpqua. Turkeys can be found in mixed oak woodlands in the national forest. There are a few Roseburg BLM lands adjacent to private lands, like N. Bank Habitat Management Area, offering excellent opportunities for hunting in low elevation oak savannah habitat, which is great for turkey.
If you are looking for a private lands hunt, asking for permission later in the season, after landowner’s friends, family and guides have hunted, sometimes gets results. It can be hard for a regular hunter to gain access on some private property on the valley floor because some landowners work with guides that have clients that hunt exclusively on their property.
This past winter, several hundred birds causing nuisance or damage issues were trapped and relocated to public lands within Douglas and Klamath Counties.
This year’s turkey numbers remain very strong, and hunting is expected to be above average. Weather has been very mild this winter and spring which may cause the peak of breeding for turkeys to start earlier, because of this we recommend getting out as soon as the season opens to maximize your success. Turkeys can be found feeding on green grasses and insects in and around open forest floors, under oak canopies.
A great strategy to locate turkeys in an area is to use locator calls (crow calls or turkey calls) before light or after dark to identify roosting trees. Come back to that area in the early morning, before daylight, and set up in an area of their travel to begin calling as light approaches.
Turkey flocks continue to be found in a wide variety of places in Jackson County. While most turkeys will be found on private lands, plenty of public lands have turkey, including grassy/oak savannas on BLM lands and lower elevation timber/meadow lands of the Rogue National Forest. The Obenchain fire (2020) burnt through a large portion of both public and private land between Hwy 140 and Butte Falls Hwy. This area is starting to see large amounts of regrowth that could prove very productive for turkey hunters this spring. The best areas in the Rogue Unit to hunt would be all the roads along the Butte Fall-Prospect Hwy between Butte Falls and Prospect. Other spots are found in areas within the Jackson Cooperative Travel Management Area map.
However, don’t limit yourself to these areas as turkeys are widespread throughout Jackson County. Other public places to focus your efforts would include the Howard/Hyatt area in eastern Jackson County, BLM sections along Evans Creek, and BLM areas near the towns of Jacksonville and Ruch.
Turkey numbers in Josephine County remain very strong. Hunting is expected to be good to above average. Weather has been very mild this winter and spring which may cause the peak of breeding for turkeys to start earlier, because of this we recommend getting out as soon as the season opens to maximize your success. Turkeys can be tough to hunt in the county as most are found on private property. Don’t be afraid to ask landowners to hunt on their property; turkeys can be a problem for many landowners that grow crops and they may be willing to allow hunters to come and hunt turkeys to reduce damage.
Most turkeys are found along the Applegate River drainage, but turkeys can also be found on most BLM lands. Galice Rd can also be a productive area for turkey hunters and in recent years we have seen an increase in the number of turkeys around the town of Cave Junction. The Slater fire (2020) burnt between Cave Junction and the California border. This was a high intensity fire that burnt just about everything in its path. Local ODFW staff have noticed some regrowth starting as well as many wildlife species starting to inhabit the area once again. This burn scare may prove to be very productive for turkey hunters in the upcoming years.
Access in the White River and Hood units should not be a problem this year. Recent field reports showed snowpack on the eastern slope of the Cascades in Wasco County has receded significantly since early January. Hood River County may still have some snow blocking roads above 2,000 ft.
Summer 2021 brood surveys, turkey numbers were 1.5 times their 10-year average, with 322 total birds counted on surveys in the Wasco, Sherman and Hood River counties. The majority of this increase was seen in eastern Wasco and Sherman counties where turkeys have started to colonize canyon habitats. Wasco and Hood River counties showed reasonable brood production and, with a mild winter, hunters can expect similar numbers of birds to last season.
The White River Wildlife Area (WRWA) is a very popular area to hunt with decent turkey numbers. The Mt. Hood National Forest throughout the White River Unit is also very popular with good turkey numbers. Harvest in the unit has continued to increase but hunter success is low, likely due to heavy hunting pressure. Try hunting weekdays or evenings when it’s less crowded. There are turkeys spread out over most of the wildlife area and the Mt. Hood National Forest. Hunting areas that have diverse oak/pine habitats and fields with plenty of forbs are generally the best places to start. Please obey all wildlife area signs and be cautious of other hunters. A parking permit is required for all users of the wildlife area (permit comes with your hunting license but don’t forget to put it on your car dash).
Private timberlands in the northwest portion of the White River unit have recently changed hands. SDS lumber company sold of much their ownership to Green Diamond and the Conservation Trust. Access will remain the same as in previous years (there are no restrictions on access), but please obey all posted signs and drive only on designated roads in this area. These lands are excellent turkey habitat and provide good hunting opportunities. Hood River county also owns property in this area and provides open access.
Maupin and West Biggs
Turkey populations have been expanding to many new areas within these units. Most of them are on private lands, so make sure you get permission to access these areas. Riparian zones and areas with trees available for roosting are where to focus your search. Turkey also can be found in the Deschutes and John Day River canyons as well as many other side-drainages of these river canyons, some on BLM and state-managed lands. These areas could be a great place to get away from other hunters.
Turkeys can be found on forestland in the Ochoco, Grizzly and Maury WMU’s. Turkey numbers and distribution in the district are gradually increasing, with groups scattered throughout the national forest. Turkeys were relocated to the southern portion of the Ochoco WMU and the Eastern portion of the Maury WMU this winter. There is still snow at higher elevations and north-facing areas of the forest, and spring so far has been pretty wet, so travel may be limited. Green up is occurring below the snow line and turkeys can often be found in these areas.
Hunters should contact both the Ochoco National Forest and Prineville BLM offices for road conditions and motorized access restrictions. Motorized restrictions remain in effect year-around in the South Boundary Cooperative Travel Management Area (TMA) along the southern boundary of the Ochoco National Forest. Maps of the area are available at entry portal signs, and at ODFW and Ochoco National Forest offices in Prineville.
Turkey populations remain low and not widely distributed throughout Deschutes County. Numbers are increasing slightly in the northern portion of the Upper Deschutes Unit and select areas of the Metolius Unit. Mild winter conditions will result in good overwinter survival. Look for turkeys on USFS and private timber company lands. Make sure to ask for permission before hunting on private lands.
The best locations to hunt turkey in Jefferson County are in the Metolius Unit on Green Ridge from Black Butte north to the Warm Springs Reservation, and east into the juniper zone. Hunting pressure usually drops off significantly after opening week. Lower elevation roads without snow may be soft and muddy.
Increased overwinter survival and favorable spring conditions have led to an increase in turkey numbers in the Metolius Unit. Contact the Sisters Ranger District of the Deschutes National Forest for road conditions and motorized access restrictions.
SOUTH CENTRAL AREA
In Lake County, turkey numbers are extremely low. Previous translocations have made for some opportunity on public land, but due to natural dispersal many have moved away from their original release site.
Winter conditions in much of Lake County were moderate this year due to lack of snow, however deep snow conditions existed for several weeks in December that may have adversely effected turkey populations in the county. Turkeys are restricted to the southern portion of the county on or near national forestland along the west and north sides of the Goose Lake Valley in the Interstate Unit.
For Klamath County, turkeys are mostly restricted to the Keno Unit. Overwinter survival and chick production were good this past year. Hunting access is good in the southern portion of the Keno Unit. Although it was a very mild winter, precipitation has made many 2-track roads and trails too muddy to be driven without causing damage to the road. As a result, cooperators involved in the Pokegema Winter Range Road Closure have elected to delay opening those gates, (gates will open April 8). Turkey releases were made this winter in the area south of Hwy 66 as well as Johnson Prairie.
This area is predominantly either open-to-hunt private timberland (Green Diamond Resource Company), or BLM land. Areas to check for turkey activity are south of Hwy 66 and west of the Klamath River Canyon to Copco Road. Turkeys can also be found north of Hwy 66 around Johnson Prairie. Hunters who take a banded turkey are asked to please contact the local ODFW district office in Klamath Falls (541-883-5732).
In Harney County, turkeys are restricted to the northern portion of the county on or near national forestland. Local turkey populations have improved over the past few years with relatively mild winter conditions. However, it may take a few more years of good winter conditions for turkey populations to fully recover. Overall snowpack was below average, potentially allowing access to higher elevations and northern aspects earlier than usual this season.
Turkeys continue to increase in both number and range in the northern portions of Malheur County. The forest fringe habitat from Juntura to Ironside has increasing numbers of birds in recent years and good public land access in many areas. However birds are not evenly distributed, hunters will need to spend some time in the area finding places that hold birds.
Turkey numbers going into the winter were good in Baker County. Late snows in February will limit hunter access in the early part of the season. Things are just starting to green-up at lower elevations and hunters should concentrate their efforts near these areas. Hunters can improve their early season success by walking into areas that are not accessible by vehicles due to snow.
Access to forestlands in the mid to upper elevations will still be limited due to snow in April. As the season progresses and snow lines retreat, turkeys will follow. There are public land hunting opportunities on the BLM and the Wallowa-Whitman National Forest as well as the ODFW-managed Elkhorn Wildlife Area. The Pine Creek, Sumpter and Keating units all hold good numbers of birds on public land. Remember to ask for permission before hunting on private properties.
Turkeys are widely distributed and continue to increase throughout the county. Over-winter survival was good this year with mild winter conditions. Spring green up has started moving birds onto Forest Service lands. The late season snow that the area is currently receiving could make access difficult in the early season as some roads may could have substantial snow drifts, especially on north facial corners. Hunters should carry tire chains and snow shovels with them. During early season, some turkeys may persist on private property and hunters will need permission to hunt. Hunters have been successful in finding birds in the Middle Fork John Day River, Murderers Creek, and North Fork John Day River drainages.
Other drainages recommended for hunters who are unfamiliar with the area are Ingle Creek, Fields Creek and Deer Creek in the Murderers Creek Unit. In the Northside Unit, hunters may try Camp Creek, Pass Creek, Fox Creek, and Cottonwood (but much of Cottonwood is private), Dixie Creek or the large tracts of National Forest. In the Desolation Unit, hunters may focus in the areas of Big Creek, Mosquito Creek, Vinegar Creek or Desolation Creek.
MORROW, GILLIAM, WHEELER COUNTIES
Turkey numbers continue to improve due to increased nesting success over the last couple of years. Forest Service land and the surrounding forested habitat hold good numbers of turkeys and provide opportunity for hunters. Over-winter survival appears good again this year.
Hunters will want to target the lower elevation (mainly western) portions of the Umatilla National Forest at least until the snowpack recedes. Also target the north slopes of the Blue Mountains as well as the North Fork John Day drainage. As the snow recedes, the turkeys will continue to move upslope following the receding snow line.
With the recent warm temperatures turkeys are making their way to higher elevations. A mild winter at low elevations in the county should have resulted in high over-winter survival for turkeys throughout Umatilla County. There are good numbers of turkeys all along the front face of the Blue Mountains and they are expanding into new areas.
These areas are dominated by private land and access is sometimes difficult. However, turkeys do inhabit some public land areas as follows: central Ukiah Unit on national forestland, northern Ukiah Unit in Pearson Creek and surrounding drainages, Umatilla National Forest lands in the eastern portion of the Heppner Unit, Mt Emily Unit on Umatilla National Forest lands on ridges below Black Mountain.
The Walla Walla Unit also has turkeys on lands enrolled in ODFW’s Access and Habitat program. Turkeys in the Ukiah unit generally are found in relatively flat terrain in open ponderosa pine habitat. Turkeys in Mt. Emily tend to avoid steeper areas and inhabit flatter ridgetop areas. These can be challenging to access until later in the season.
Turkeys will inhabit the low and mid-elevation areas while the snow is still present in high elevation habitats. Spring is coming on quickly and turkeys have been making their way onto public lands where they are more accessible to hunters.
Turkeys are widely distributed throughout the county. Access to higher elevation hunting areas may prove difficult early in the season. Lower elevations should have good access. Birds may use areas with residual snow cover, so these spots should be considered when scouting for new hunting locations.
Look for birds at the north end of the Grande Ronde Valley, Palmer Valley and the south end of the Catherine Creek Unit. The highest concentrations of birds will be in the west Sled Springs, Wenaha and east slopes of the Mount Emily units within Union County. The Wallowa Whitman National Forest and Hancock Timber lands both hold great turkey habitat around the edges of the Grande Ronde Valley. Hancock lands are open to the public and provide several walk-in hunting opportunities within Union County.
The Little Catherine Creek Travel Management Area provides access into road systems on the east side of the Grande Ronde valley; maps are available at the La Grande ODFW office and online.
At Ladd Marsh Wildlife Area, turkeys can be found on Glass Hill. These birds spend their time in the transition between the open fields and the dense forest feeding and traveling amongst the brush. The birds are sensitive to pressure so hunters might be successful trying slow, soft calling. Also, prime times will be the first part of season and the last, based on hunter pressure.
Turkey hunters can expect good numbers of birds in most areas of the county. Road access to high elevations is expected to be difficult, due to snowdrifts, through April. Our snow is mostly gone from low elevation areas and south-facing slopes.
Birds are beginning to scatter throughout forested areas so hunters should put in some time hiking, listening and looking for signs of turkey activity. Call for them or just listen for their calls early in the morning and late in the evening. Hunters are reminded that cooperative travel management areas are in effect in the Wenaha and Sled Springs Units.
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